The "Arab World" has existed as a phrase and conceptual tool for centuries, but its contemporary use in Western media essentially fits within the same theoretical framework that famous cultural theorist Edward Said called "Orientalism." This idea refers to the military, political and cultural domination exercised by European empires over societies of the Middle East and North Africa.
By Philip Leech
Although we don't yet know whether there is a fixed limit to how long a human body can last, many scientists suspect that there are no circumstances in which anyone can survive much more than 125 years. Though she was born in the 19th century Emma Martina Luigia Morano was a true woman of the 20th century.
By Ian Morris
Military planners aren't the only professionals who need to prepare for any contingency in the hotly contested waters. It wouldn't take an all-out blockade or war to deal a heavy blow to international trade. Even heightened tension and economic sanctions would do severe damage to the shipping industry and put billions of dollars of foreign investment throughout the region at risk.
Last year the Gambia, a tiny country located along the banks of a river in West Africa, had changed its official name at the UN. Then, this January, the country's longtime president stepped down. Within 10 days, the new president had already declared a reversal of the name change.
Strategic and defense cooperation has dominated the conversation between the two countries over the past two decades, but today the relationship is no longer restricted to defense. Both nations are developing increasingly close linkages in areas such as agriculture, and there is immense potential in other areas such as information technology. Israel’s Netafim, the world’s largest drip irrigation company, has three plants, and India is the second largest market for its products after the US.
Iran and its Shiite militia proxies will ultimately shape the future of the Syrian state and society—including its governing and security structures, economic environment (which will determine the beneficiaries of the estimated $200 billion needed to reconstruct the country), and its foreign relations. What can the United States realistically do to counter Iranian influence in Syria?
EU farmers are “very concerned” about the impact of the European Commission’s change of heart on biofuels, claiming the EU’s restrictive policy is putting thousands of rural jobs at risk. Yet, the EU executive defended its proposed post-2020 biofuels strategy, saying the policy shift towards advanced biofuels will create jobs in the long run.